Ballade No. 3 in A-flat major, Op. 47, dating from 1841, is dedicated to Mademoiselle Pauline de Noailles. The inspiration for this Ballade is usually claimed to be Adam Mickiewicz's poem Undine, but sometimes reported to be Mickiewicz's ?witezianka; The true inspiration for this piece remains unknown. There are structural similarities to the so-called "Raindrop Prelude" which was inspired by the weather in Majorca during Chopin's disastrous vacation with George Sand. These include a repetitive A-flat which modulates into a repetitive g-sharp during the c-sharp minor section.